Category Archives: Winter 2016 issue

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New research from the University of Huddersfield Press

The University of Huddersfield Press was established in 2007 to provide an outlet for publication for University authors and to encourage new and aspiring authors to publish in their areas of subject expertise. Producing print books, open access eBooks and academic journals, the Press covers a wide range of subject areas providing a platform for innovative and interdisciplinary research at Huddersfield.

Find out about our new titles, plus events and giveaways by following us on the University of Huddersfield Press blog and Twitter.

New titles

British Journal of Pharmacy

British Journal of Pharmacy

British Journal of Pharmacy is an online peer-reviewed open access journal offering gold open access with no article processing charges (APCs). The Journal aims to publish original research papers, critical reviews and rapid communications on the latest developments in pharmacy.

The journal accepts manuscripts highlighting novel research and development in pharmacy. Submissions can be accepted from a wide array of pharmaceutical sciences, including:

  • pharmacy
  • novel therapeutic targets and molecular pharmacy
  • contemporary formulation strategies to improve drug delivery and targeting
  • pharmaceutical and medicinal chemistry
  • pharmacokinetics and therapeutics
  • pharmacoeconomics
  • pharmacovigilance
  • innovations in teaching pharmacy

Read an in-depth interview with the Editor Hamid Merchant

Have a look at the very first issue of BJPharm

Beerhouses, Brothels and Bobbies – David Taylor

Beerhouses, Brothels and Bobbies by David Taylor 2

Professor David Taylor has established a fine reputation for his books and articles on the history of policing in England. This new book on Huddersfield policing looks at the mid-nineteenth century and issues facing the local area in relation to policing a centre of West Riding textile production.

The book is available to order via the University Press or email m.taylor2@hud.ac.uk

The Making of a University – John O’Connell

The Making of a University

This book is a record of the development of an institution with a remarkable history. The University’s foundations go back to the early part of the nineteenth century when the local Huddersfield community decided it wanted a place of learning to promote the education of the working classes. Since 1825 development has encompassed a mechanics institution, a female educational institute, a college of technology and a polytechnic, before becoming the University of Huddersfield we know today. The author, the late John O’Connell, was a Professor at Huddersfield and this book draws upon his research which now resides in the University archives.

Find out more about this unique book and order your copy online

Sky scene

Harnessing astronomical data

Many institutions and individuals collect astronomical data, however, there is currently a lack of any widely adopted comprehensive standards of recording that data and the use of a variety of systems makes it expensive.

The current retrieval processes for existing astronomical records have a number of difficulties that are commonly known as the 5Vs (volume, velocity, variety, value and veracity). If these difficulties could be solved it would result in more reliable and cost effective acquisition of useful and valuable data.

Auditorio de Tenerife Conference Centre
Auditorio de Tenerife Conference Centre

In previous research it was ascertained that the discipline of astronomy as a whole does not have, but would benefit from, a single comprehensive schema for data storage and retrieval. A conference paper on this subject was presented by Guy Beech from the University of Huddersfield at the BiDS 16 conference, Auditorio de Tenerife. The ideas and concepts being developed have relevance to those currently being promoted as ontologies (a formal naming and definition of the different types of data), with a Semantic Web (which provides a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused).

Developing a solution

The aim of this research project is to develop contemporary data management solutions for the management and utilisation of astronomical data. A key objective is to define an XML Schema and an ontology catering for the whole scope of astronomical related research within academia and industry.

Another aspect of this research will be to develop a set of tools that make use of the schema and ontology and support astronomical researchers in capturing, storing, exchanging and exploring astronomical data.

Improving data storage and usage

If these difficulties could be solved it would result in more reliable and cost effective acquisition of useful and valuable astronomical data. In addition, if this data could be saved and retrieved as semantic data there are all the additional benefits of applying ontologies to assist in better data recognition, interpretation and use.

A proof of concept has been carried out to assess which technologies can be beneficial. The next step will be to add XML based tools, Resource Description Framework (RDF) and Web Ontology Language (OWL), to design and demonstrate a practical application of astronomical data processes which will enable improved storage and use.

There is an abundance of astronomical data available and the rate of data acquisition is increasing with every year that goes by. It is intended to design an extensible ontology for all the branches and sub-branches of astronomy as a whole. For the ontology to be extensible is the key to success rather than to attempt a comprehensive ontology right from the start. The astronomical ontology will then be able to grow over time.

Social housing in Brazil's Porto Alegre

Measuring quality in urban design and planning

Housing quality represents a key challenge in different areas across the world, with multi-disciplinary and cross cutting implications between urban policies and governance, sociology, psychology, planning, architecture and the built environment.

To address this subject, among others, the University of Huddersfield recently hosted a multi-disciplinary conference, Regional Urbanism in the Era of Globalisation, organised by the University’s Centre for Urban Design, Architecture and Sustainability.

Regional urbanism in Brazil

Dr Ioanni Delsante with the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul's Dr Luciana Miron
Dr Ioanni Delsante with the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul’s Dr Luciana Miron

Dr Ioanni Delsante from the University of Huddersfield and Dr Luciana Miron of Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) presented a paper at the conference dealing with a project in Porto Alegre (Brazil) named PIEC, which has delivered social housing, community buildings, facilities and public spaces. The paper addresses the need for a shared evaluation of the outcomes of urban projects, taking into account the views of the experts as well as the aspirations of the people living there.

The successes and setbacks of the City Entrance Integrated Program (PIEC) have made it a valuable case study for experts in urban design.  Dr Ioanni Delsante, Reader in Urban Design at the University of Huddersfield, has taken a special interest in the project.

Public space and playground in PIEC project, Porto Alegre (Brazil)
Public space and playground in PIEC project, Porto Alegre (Brazil)

The University of Huddersfield has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Porto Alegre’s UFRGS and Master’s students at Huddersfield have paid research visits to the Brazilian city – which has a population of almost 4.5 million – and Dr Delsante continues to work closely with UFRGS.

Future research with China

The UK and China face major challenges in terms of sustainable urbanisation and urban regeneration, especially in residential and deprived areas.

Dr Ioanni Delsante’s future research will evaluate the effects and outcomes of urban policies, design and planning actions as a major priority, not only in light of the urbanisation process but also in respect of inner cities’ regeneration and transformation.

The timeliness of the research relates to major challenges in both partner countries, the UK and China. Years after the Urban Renaissance initiative, the UK is facing significant issues in terms of sustainable urbanisation and urban regeneration, especially in residential and deprived areas. Meanwhile, China’s 2014 urbanisation plan calls for urbanisation quality, including people-oriented urbanisation and embedding ecologically friendly approaches so as to carry forward cultural traditions.

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Technology and Creativity in Electroacoustic Music

Technology plays an increasingly important role in the way music is created and disseminated. The majority of music heard today is mediated through digital technology of one form or another.

But has technology changed the creative possibilities open to composers? Or is it just the same music in a different medium? Can composers work in new ways and conceive their music differently because of the new technological opportunities available today?

The TaCEM project

The TaCEM project, Technology and Creativity in Electroacoustic Music, set out to examine these questions. This collaborative research project between the University of Huddersfield and Durham University was funded by a grant of £312,000 by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) and ran for 30 months.

The project examined nine case studies in depth. These nine musical compositions, chosen as outstanding examples of composers deploying new digital technology to significant effect, have been studied in terms of their technical means, their musical context and through music analysis. As part of the project the researchers visited composers from the UK, Europe, USA and Canada in order to discuss works ranging from 1977 to 2013 and analyse the technology that inspired them.

Interactive aural techniques

Professor Michael Clarke
Professor Michael Clarke

A major part of the research has been the use of Interactive Aural techniques, previously pioneered by Principal Investigator Professor Michael Clarke in earlier projects. This approach uses software so that the investigation can be undertaken in terms of sound and by emulating the technologies used for the music.

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Dr Frédéric Dufeu, Research Fellow at the University of Huddersfield, has worked on the project and has made major advances in the way such interactive software is designed. He has produced emulations of several systems crucial to the development of computer music but now obsolete, enabling their characteristics to be examined and their creative potential researched.

This particular research project had a sense of urgency, as many of the pioneer composers in this field are ageing and so is much of the technology they used. As early computers and synthesisers become obsolete or unobtainable, it becomes increasingly difficult to recapture the sounds and techniques that inspired creativity in the field up to three decades ago. The period covered started in the 1970s right through to the recent past.

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In addition to the software dedicated to the individual case studies, generic software is being developed within the TaCEM project. TIAALS (Tools for Interactive Aural Analysis) enables the user to develop their own interactive aural analyses from the sound contents of any piece.

Co-investigator Professor Peter Manning from Durham University, a leading international expert on the history of electronic music and the technologies behind it, brought this expertise to the project.

International impact

The work has been presented at many of the major conferences in the field around the world, including in Athens, Berlin, Lisbon, London, Montreal, Paris and Perth in Australia. The work has been received with enthusiasm with many academics keen to use the software in their own teaching. The software is to be made freely available alongside a book Inside Computer Music to be published by Oxford University Press. Work is currently underway to complete the final case study for this publication.

Future work includes plans to develop the Interactive Aural approach to a wider repertoire of music including those aspects of acoustic music least suited to traditional notation and verbal description, for example, improvisation, world music and contemporary instrumental works.